Tag Archives: webdriver

Use waits as assertions for your Selenium tests

Selenium tests tend to make a lot of use of assertions, to check that some actions have been performed on the front-end or that some WebElement properties are the expected ones. And by assertions, I mean, mostly: assertEquals or assertTrue, as these are the most commonly used ones.

Assertions fail too often due to the condition they are checking not being fulfilled by the time the assertion code executes. Had the assertion run a few seconds later, in many cases, it would have passed. It’s all about timing. In my previous posts I described some of the WebDriverWait based methods you can find in my ‘thewaiter’ library. In this post I want to highlight how you can use these methods to replace your assertions. Continue reading Use waits as assertions for your Selenium tests

thewaiter: waiting for a URL in the browser to equal or contain a String, with Selenium

In some tests it is not enough to just wait for a page to fully load, but instead you need to make sure that the URL corresponding to that page is the expected one. Maybe you clicked on a button and need to make sure an expected page/URL opened, or maybe you are opening a page but a redirect changes the URL to something else than the initial page had. For such tests you can use the URL related wait methods from ‘thewaiter’ library, to wait until the URL is the correct one, before performing the rest of the test. Continue reading thewaiter: waiting for a URL in the browser to equal or contain a String, with Selenium

thewaiter: clicking on an element by using waits with Selenium

One of the most common ways of interacting with a page displayed in a browser, in Selenium tests, is clicking on a WebElement. But many times, due to the timing when the click happens, it will fail, since the WebElement that needs to be clicked is not yet available. This might be because some Javascript events have not finished enabling that WebElement, or other similar issues. Making clicks reliable can be done by using WebDriverWait, to wait until the click can actually happen.

Continue reading thewaiter: clicking on an element by using waits with Selenium

thewaiter: opening a page and waiting for it to load with Selenium

In this post i will discuss the methods you can find in thewaiter library, for waiting for a page to load completely. I will show the methods you can use from thewaiter that can help you with these waits, and some test examples for each, that you can also find in GitHub.   Continue reading thewaiter: opening a page and waiting for it to load with Selenium

Introducing thewaiter. A WebDriverWait based library for writing reliable Selenium tests

During my talk at the recent SauceCon conference, i described how you can write reliable Selenium tests by using WebDriverWait based methods to wait for page events to take place. I am now happy to announce that my little project, thewaiter library that i mentioned in the talk, is available to use from the Maven Repository! Read on for details. Continue reading Introducing thewaiter. A WebDriverWait based library for writing reliable Selenium tests

Checking whether an image is broken with HttpClient

Let’s say you have a task to check whether a certain image is broken on your page. In case of a broken image, instead of it being rendered properly on the page in your browser, you will see a suggestive icon, like an X or something similar (depending on the browser), suggesting that it’s broken.  Continue reading Checking whether an image is broken with HttpClient

Using Lists to get UI elements with nearly impossible selectors

Where does this approach apply? One of the following:

  • if you have a list of elements with identical selectors. The element you are interested in is an element of that list. But it does not always appear in the same place in the list. Sometimes it might be the third element in the list, other times it might be the second, or the fourth, and so on. You only know that using getText() on the element returns a known text.
  • if the element you are searching for has a different selector each time you open the page. You know only the type of element it is (whether it is a button, or an a element representing a link, or an img element) and what text should be displayed on that element.
  • if the element you are looking for does not even have any attached attributes. That means it is only a tag, without an id or class, or anything else except for the tag name (tag being ‘a’ for links, ‘img’ for images, and so on). You know what getText() should return when applied to that element.

Continue reading Using Lists to get UI elements with nearly impossible selectors