Browser unaware Selenium tests. STEP 1: Identify OSs on which to run tests + choose browsers to support

In this blog post series, i want to show how i normally set up my browsers and my Selenium code, in order to enable writing ‘cross-OS’, ‘cross-browser’, ‘browser-unaware’ tests. What this means: my tests can run on any OS i set up seamlessly; each test can be run on multiple browsers seamlessly; the tests do… Read More

thewaiter: wait for WebElement attribute. To equal, contain a String, with variations.

An attribute of an HTML tag (or WebElement as you might know it from Selenium) stores valuable information about the state of that element. If we are thinking of checkboxes, a “checked” attribute will signal whether the checkbox is selected or not. For a link, the “href” attribute will tell us what location on the… Read More

How WebDriverWait works differently for WebElements defined by driver.findElement versus PageFactory initialization

When it comes to using WebDriverWait to wait for WebElement properties,like text or attributes, when sending WebElements as properties generated via PageFactory, that will work properly. However when using ‘driver.findElement()’ to identify the WebElements required as parameters in the WebDriverWaits, that will fail. Here is the reason why.

Use waits as assertions for your Selenium tests

Selenium tests tend to make a lot of use of assertions, to check that some actions have been performed on the front-end or that some WebElement properties are the expected ones. And by assertions, I mean, mostly: assertEquals or assertTrue, as these are the most commonly used ones. Assertions fail too often due to the… Read More

thewaiter: wait for WebElement text. To equal, contain a String with variations.

Element text is something you will often check for when writing Selenium tests. Whether it equals a given String, or contains a given String. But you can extend your checks to whether: the element text equals/contains a String ignoring the case of the two, or whether the element text equals/contains a String ignoring any whitespace… Read More

thewaiter: waiting for a URL in the browser to equal or contain a String, with Selenium

In some tests it is not enough to just wait for a page to fully load, but instead you need to make sure that the URL corresponding to that page is the expected one. Maybe you clicked on a button and need to make sure an expected page/URL opened, or maybe you are opening a… Read More

thewaiter: clicking on an element by using waits with Selenium

One of the most common ways of interacting with a page displayed in a browser, in Selenium tests, is clicking on a WebElement. But many times, due to the timing when the click happens, it will fail, since the WebElement that needs to be clicked is not yet available. This might be because some Javascript… Read More

thewaiter: opening a page and waiting for it to load with Selenium

In this post i will discuss the methods you can find in thewaiter library, for waiting for a page to load completely. I will show the methods you can use from thewaiter that can help you with these waits, and some test examples for each, that you can also find in GitHub.